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Rev Neurol (Paris). 2015 Oct;171(10):688-97. doi: 10.1016/j.neurol.2015.04.012. Epub 2015 Aug 28.

Jean-Louis Brachet (1789-1858). A forgotten contributor to early 19th century neurology.

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Specialists of the history of hysteria know the name of Jean-Louis Brachet (1789-1858), but few realise the influence of this physician and surgeon from Lyon, a city in the southeastern part of France. Not only a clinician, he was also a neurophysiology researcher in the early 19th century. Along with his descriptions of meningoencephalitis, including hydrocephalus and meningoencephalitis, he elucidated the functioning of the vegetative nervous system and described its activity during emotional states. He also helped describe the different forms of epilepsy and sought to understand their aetiologies, working at the same time as the better-known Louis-Florentin Calmeil (1798-1895). We present a biography of this forgotten physician, a prolific writer, keen clinical observer and staunch devotee of a rigorous scientific approach.


Brachet; Epilepsia; Histoire de la neurologie; History of neurology; Hydrocephalus; Hydrocéphalie; Hysteria; Hystérie; Meningoencephalitis; Ménigoencéphalite; Système nerveux végétatif; Vegetative nervous system; Épilepsie

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