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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2015 Nov 1;309(9):G719-29. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00078.2015. Epub 2015 Aug 27.

Plasma miR-185 is decreased in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and might suppress tumor migration and invasion by targeting RAGE.

Author information

1
Center of Laboratory Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China;
2
Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China;
3
Department of Pathology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China.
4
Center of Laboratory Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China; wscm163@163.com.

Abstract

The receptor for advanced-glycation end products (RAGE) is upregulated in various cancers and has been associated with tumor progression, but little is known about its expression and regulation by microRNAs (miRNAs) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Here, we describe miR-185, which represses RAGE expression, and investigate the biological role of miR-185 in ESCC. In this study, we found that the high level of RAGE expression in 29 pairs of paraffin-embedded ESCC tissues was correlated positively with the depth of invasion by immunohistochemistry, suggesting that RAGE was involved in ESCC. We used bioinformatics searches and luciferase reporter assays to investigate the prediction that RAGE was regulated directly by miR-185. Besides, overexpression of miR-185 in ESCC cells was accompanied by 27% (TE-11) and 49% (Eca-109) reduced RAGE expression. The effect was further confirmed in RAGE protein by immunofluorescence in both cell lines. The effects were reversed following cotransfection with miR-185 and high-level expression of the RAGE vector. Furthermore, the biological role of miR-185 in ESCC cell lines was investigated using assays of cell viability, Ki-67 staining, and cell migration and invasion, as well as in a xenograft model. We found that overexpression of miR-185 inhibited migration and invasion by ESCC cells in vitro and reduced their capacity to develop distal pulmonary metastases in vivo partly through the RAGE/heat shock protein 27 pathway. Interestingly, in clinical specimens, the level of plasma miR-185 expression was decreased significantly (P = 0.002) in patients with ESCC [0.500; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.248-1.676] compared with healthy controls (2.410; 95% CI 0.612-5.671). The value of the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.73 (95% CI 0.604-0.855). In conclusion, our findings shed novel light on the role of miR-185/RAGE in ESCC metastasis, and plasma miR-185 has potential as a novel diagnostic biomarker in ESCC.

KEYWORDS:

esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; metastasis; microRNA-185; plasma; receptor for advanced-glycation end products

PMID:
26316588
DOI:
10.1152/ajpgi.00078.2015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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