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Pain. 2016 Feb;157(2):418-28. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000332.

Role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis in persistent pain.

Author information

1
Departments of aPhysiology and bNeurology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA cDepartment of Pharmacology, Columbia University, New York Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA Departments of dMolecular Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry and ePsychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Abstract

The full role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) remains to be determined, yet it is implicated in learning and emotional functions, and is disrupted in negative mood disorders. Recent evidence indicates that AHN is decreased in persistent pain consistent with the idea that chronic pain is a major stressor, associated with negative moods and abnormal memories. Yet, the role of AHN in development of persistent pain has remained unexplored. In this study, we test the influence of AHN in postinjury inflammatory and neuropathic persistent pain-like behaviors by manipulating neurogenesis: pharmacologically through intracerebroventricular infusion of the antimitotic AraC; ablation of AHN by x-irradiation; and using transgenic mice with increased or decreased AHN. Downregulating neurogenesis reversibly diminished or blocked persistent pain; oppositely, upregulating neurogenesis led to prolonged persistent pain. Moreover, we could dissociate negative mood from persistent pain. These results suggest that AHN-mediated hippocampal learning mechanisms are involved in the emergence of persistent pain.

PMID:
26313405
PMCID:
PMC4858177
DOI:
10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000332
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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