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Environ Pollut. 2015 Nov;206:605-10. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.08.010. Epub 2015 Aug 25.

Litter mercury deposition in the Amazonian rainforest.

Author information

1
Institute of Chemistry, University of Campinas, UNICAMP, P.O. Box 6154, 13083-970 Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: fostier@iqm.unicamp.br.
2
Institute of Chemistry, University of Campinas, UNICAMP, P.O. Box 6154, 13083-970 Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

The objective of this work was to assess the flux of atmospheric mercury transferred to the soil of the Amazonian rainforest by litterfall. Calculations were based on a large survey of published and unpublished data on litterfall and Hg concentrations in litterfall samples from the Amazonian region. Litterfall based on 65 sites located in the Amazon rainforest averaged 8.15 ± 2.25 Mg ha(-1) y(-1). Average Hg concentrations were calculated from nine datasets for fresh tree leaves and ten datasets for litter, and a median concentration of 60.5 ng Hg g(-1) was considered for Hg deposition in litterfall, which averaged 49 ± 14 μg m(-2) yr(-1). This value was used to estimate that in the Amazonian rainforest, litterfall would be responsible for the annual removing of 268 ± 77 Mg of Hg, approximately 8% of the total atmospheric Hg deposition to land. The impact of the Amazon deforestation on the Hg biogeochemical cycle is also discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Amazon forest; Atmospheric deposition; Litterfall; Mercury

PMID:
26312742
DOI:
10.1016/j.envpol.2015.08.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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