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J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Jul;27(7):2133-7. doi: 10.1589/jpts.27.2133. Epub 2015 Jul 22.

The effect of parity on pelvic floor muscle strength and quality of life in women with urinary incontinence: a cross sectional study.

Author information

1
School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Turkey.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Turkey.

Abstract

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activity after vaginal birth, and the effect of parity on PFM strength and quality of life (QoL) in women with urinary incontinence. [Subjects and Methods] Patients (n=241) who gave birth vaginally and experienced urinary incontinence were divided into three groups: group 1 consisted of women having 1-3 children, group 2 consisted of women having 4-6 children, and group 3 consisted of women having more than 6 children. All patients underwent detailed examination of the PFM. The Turkish version of the self-administered Incontinence Quality of Life Instrument (I-QoL) questionnaire was used to evaluate the effects of stress urinary incontinence on participants' QoL. [Results] Comparison of PFM strengths showed a significant intergroup difference. Group 1 showed significantly higher PFM strength scores than those of groups 2 and 3. I-QoL scores related to stress incontinence showed a significant intergroup difference. As number of deliveries increased, quality of life decreased. Comparison of PFM strengths and I-QoL scores related to stress incontinence showed a significant intergroup difference. [Conclusion] Increasing the awareness of PFM training in women will reduce potential postpartum incontinence due to a weak PFM strength; and will increase quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

Parity; Pelvic floor muscle strength; Urinary incontinence

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