Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Plant Mol Biol. 2015 Sep;89(1-2):187-201. doi: 10.1007/s11103-015-0365-3. Epub 2015 Aug 27.

The unified ICE-CBF pathway provides a transcriptional feedback control of freezing tolerance during cold acclimation in Arabidopsis.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-742, Korea.
2
Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-742, Korea. firland@snu.ac.kr.
3
Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-742, Korea. cmpark@snu.ac.kr.
4
Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-742, Korea. cmpark@snu.ac.kr.

Abstract

During cold acclimation, C-repeat binding factors (CBFs) activate downstream targets, such as cold-regulated genes, leading to the acquisition of freezing tolerance in plants. Inducer of CBF expression 1 (ICE1) plays a key role by activating CBF3 expression in shaping the cold-induced transcriptome. While the ICE1-CBF3 regulon constitutes a major cold acclimation pathway, gene regulatory networks governing the CBF signaling are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrated that ICE1 and its paralog ICE2 induce CBF1, CBF2, and CBF3 by binding to the gene promoters. ICE2, like ICE1, was ubiquitinated by the high expression of osmotically responsive gene 1 (HOS1) E3 ubiquitin ligase. Whereas ICE2-defective ice2-2 mutant did not exhibit any discernible freezing-sensitive phenotypes, ice1-2 ice2-2/+ plant, which is defective in ICE1 and has a heterozygotic ice2 mutation, exhibited significantly reduced freezing tolerance. Accordingly, all three CBF genes were markedly down-regulated in the ice1-2 ice2-2/+ plant, indicating that ICE1 and ICE2 are functionally redundant with different implementations in inducing CBF genes. Together with the negative regulation of CBF3 by CBF2, we propose that the unified ICE-CBF pathway provides a transcriptional feedback of freezing tolerance to sustain plant development and survival during cold acclimation.

KEYWORDS:

CBFs; Cold acclimation; Freezing tolerance; ICE1; ICE2

PMID:
26311645
DOI:
10.1007/s11103-015-0365-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center