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Sci Rep. 2015 Aug 27;5:13495. doi: 10.1038/srep13495.

Quantum walk coherences on a dynamical percolation graph.

Author information

1
Applied Physics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Straße 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany.
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Břehová 7, 11519 Prague, Czech Republic.
3
Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Szeged, Tisza Lajos körút 84, 6720 Szeged, Hungary.

Abstract

Coherent evolution governs the behaviour of all quantum systems, but in nature it is often subjected to influence of a classical environment. For analysing quantum transport phenomena quantum walks emerge as suitable model systems. In particular, quantum walks on percolation structures constitute an attractive platform for studying open system dynamics of random media. Here, we present an implementation of quantum walks differing from the previous experiments by achieving dynamical control of the underlying graph structure. We demonstrate the evolution of an optical time-multiplexed quantum walk over six double steps, revealing the intricate interplay between the internal and external degrees of freedom. The observation of clear non-Markovian signatures in the coin space testifies the high coherence of the implementation and the extraordinary degree of control of all system parameters. Our work is the proof-of-principle experiment of a quantum walk on a dynamical percolation graph, paving the way towards complex simulation of quantum transport in random media.

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