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Community Ment Health J. 2016 Nov;52(8):983-988. Epub 2015 Aug 26.

A Comparison of Self-Rated and Female Partner-Rated Scales in the Assessment of Paternal Prenatal Depression.

Author information

1
Department of Psychosocial Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1 Okura, Setagaya, Tokyo, 157-8535, Japan. konishi-m@ncchd.go.jp.
2
Medical Support Center for Japan Environment and Children's Study, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan. konishi-m@ncchd.go.jp.
3
Department of Psychosocial Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1 Okura, Setagaya, Tokyo, 157-8535, Japan.
4
Medical Support Center for Japan Environment and Children's Study, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
5
Department of Education for Clinical Research, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
6
Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
7
Shirota Obstetrical and Gynecological Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.
8
Division of Rehabilitation Medicine and Developmental Evaluation Center, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
9
Department of General Pediatrics, Miyagi Children's Hospital, Miyagi, Japan.
10
Department of Allergy and Immunology, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.
11
Department of Medical Subspecialties, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Maternal depression has been widely studied but paternal depression is often overlooked. Depression in men is generally more difficult to detect as the symptoms are not apparent. Furthermore, Japanese couples tend to suppress their real emotions to avoid confrontation. We aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the K6, K10 and PHQ-9 in assessing the mental health status of men when used by their pregnant partners, as well as the prevalence of paternal prenatal depression in a Japanese study sample. A total of 136 couples participated in this study. The prevalence of paternal prenatal depression reported by the men themselves was higher compared to that reported by their female partners (K6, 10.3 %; K10, 6.6 %; PHQ-9, 3.7 % vs. K6-FP, 2.2 %; K10-FP, 1.5 %; PHQ-9-FP, 0 %, respectively). Mental health issues in men may not be accurately rated by their female partners, suggesting the importance of self-rating and direct consultation.

KEYWORDS:

K10; K6; PHQ-9; Partner-rating; Paternal depression

PMID:
26308837
DOI:
10.1007/s10597-015-9931-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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