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Parasitology. 2015 Oct;142(12):1493-505. doi: 10.1017/S0031182015000864. Epub 2015 Aug 25.

Bank voles (Myodes glareolus) and house mice (Mus musculus musculus; M. m. domesticus) in Europe are each parasitized by their own distinct species of Aspiculuris (Nematoda, Oxyurida).

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School of Life Sciences,University of Nottingham,University Park,Nottingham NG7 2RD,UK.
Sir Martin Evans Building,School of Bioscience,Cardiff University,Cardiff CF10 3AX,UK.
Department of Parasitology,Institute of Zoology,Faculty of Biology,University of Warsaw,1 Miecznikowa Street,02-096,Warsaw,Poland.
Department of Parasitology and Invasive Disease,Faculty of Veterinary Medicine,University of Life Sciences in Lublin,12 Akademicka Street,20-950 Lublin,Poland.
Natural History Museum,University of Oslo,P.O. Box 1172,Oslo N-0316,Norway.
Laboratory of Parasitology,Faculty of Pharmacy,University of Barcelona,Avda Diagonal s/n,08028 Barcelona,Spain.
Parasitology Section,South Australian Museum,North Terrace,Adelaide 5000,Australia.
Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics,The Pennsylvania State University,University Park,PA 16801,USA.


The molecular phylogeny and morphology of the oxyuroid nematode genus Aspiculuris from voles and house mice has been examined. Worms collected from Myodes glareolus in Poland, Eire and the UK are identified as Aspiculuris tianjinensis, previously known only from China, while worms from Mus musculus from a range of locations in Europe and from laboratory mice, all conformed to the description of Aspiculuris tetraptera. Worms from voles and house mice are not closely related and are not derived from each other, with A. tianjinensis being most closely related to Aspiculuris dinniki from snow voles and to an isolate from Microtus longicaudus in the Nearctic. Both A. tianjinensis and A. tetraptera appear to represent recent radiations within their host groups; in voles, this radiation cannot be more than 2 million years old, while in commensal house mice it is likely to be less than 10,000 years old. The potential of Aspiculuris spp. as markers of host evolution is highlighted.


Aspiculuris; Chionomys nivalis; Clethrionomys glareolus; Mus musculus domesticus; Mus musculus musculus; Myodes glareolus; bank voles; house mice

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