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Int J Cardiol. 2015 Dec 15;201:265-70. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.08.065. Epub 2015 Aug 8.

In-hospital outcomes and long-term mortality according to sex and management strategy in acute myocardial infarction. Insights from the French ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI) 2005 Registry.

Author information

1
Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Department of Cardiology, Paris, France; Université Paris-Descartes, Paris France.
2
Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Department of Cardiology, Paris, France; Université Paris-Descartes, Paris France; INSERM U-970, Paris, France. Electronic address: etiennepuymirat@yahoo.fr.
3
Division of Cardiology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade University School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia.
4
AP-HP, Hôpital Bichat, Department of Cardiology, Paris, France; Université Paris Diderot-Paris VII, France; INSERM, U-698, Paris, France.
5
Hôpital Charles Nicolle, Department of Cardiology, Rouen, France; University of Rouen, France.
6
Université Paris-Descartes, Paris France; AP-HP, Hôpital Cochin, Department of Cardiology, Paris, France.
7
Pasteur Hospital, Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Nice, Nice, France.
8
Valenciennes General Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Valenciennes, France.
9
Purpan University Hospital, Emergency Department, Toulouse, France; U1027, INSERM, France.
10
AP-HP, Hôpital Lariboisière, Department of Cardiology, Paris, France.
11
Toulouse Rangueil University Hospital, Department of Cardiology, France; UMR1027, INSERM, France.
12
AP-HP, Hôpital Saint Antoine, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Paris, France; INSERM, U-698, Inserm, Paris, France; UPMC-Paris 06, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The early mortality of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has dramatically decreased in the recent past. Whether the previously reported sex disparities in use of invasive strategies (IS) persist and translate into differences in outcomes deserves to be examined.

METHODS:

We used the data from a nationwide French prospective multicentre registry from 3,670 AMI patients (1155 women (31.5%), 2515 men (68.5%)) recruited in 223 centres in 2005 and followed-up for 5 years. We examined in-hospital outcomes and 5-year mortality in patients categorized according to sex and use of IS (i.e. coronary angiography during the hospitalisation with a view to revascularisation).

RESULTS:

IS was less frequently used in women than in men (adjusted OR=0.66; 95% CI: 0.52-0.85), regardless of the type of AMI, age group or risk category, while use of recommended medications was similar at 48 hours and discharge. In-hospital mortality did not differ according to sex, whatever the age group and use of an IS. At 5 years, overall and post-discharge mortality were similar in men and women. However, IS was associated with lower 5-year mortality in women (HR=0.66; 95% CI: 0.51-0.86) as in men (HR=0.48; 95% CI: 0.38-0.60) and there was no sex-strategy interaction.

CONCLUSIONS:

Invasive strategy remains less frequently used in women than in men, yet is associated with improved five-year survival irrespective of sex. Whether reducing the sex gap in its use would translate into a higher survival in women remains an open question.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION:

NCT 00673036.

KEYWORDS:

Acute myocardial infarction; Coronary angiography; Invasive strategy; Mortality; Sex

PMID:
26301654
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.08.065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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