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Cell Adh Migr. 2015;9(5):357-66. doi: 10.1080/19336918.2015.1061173. Epub 2015 Aug 24.

Cancer cell migration in 3D tissue: negotiating space by proteolysis and nuclear deformability.

Author information

1
a Department of Cell Biology ; Radboud University Medical Center ; Nijmegen , The Netherlands.

Abstract

Efficient tumor cell invasion into the surrounding desmoplastic stroma is a hallmark of cancer progression and involves the navigation through available small tissue spaces existent within the dense stromal network. Such navigation includes the reciprocal adaptation of the moving tumor cell, including the nucleus as largest and stiffest organelle, to pre-existent or de-novo generated extracellular matrix (ECM) gaps, pores and trails within stromal compartments. Within the context of migration, we briefly summarize physiological and tumor-related changes in ECM geometries as well as tissue proteolysis. We then focus on mechanisms that ensure the successful translocation of a nucleus through a confining pore by cytoskeleton-mediated coupling, as well as regulators of cell and nuclear deformability such as chromatin organization and nuclear lamina expression. In summary, understanding dynamic nuclear mechanics during migration in response to confined space will add to a better conceptual appreciation of cancer invasion and progression.

KEYWORDS:

actomyosin contractility; cancer cell migration; chromatin; confined ECM space; integrin-mediated mechanocoupling; lamin; nuclear deformation

PMID:
26301444
PMCID:
PMC4955366
DOI:
10.1080/19336918.2015.1061173
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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