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Front Psychol. 2015 Aug 7;6:1163. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01163. eCollection 2015.

Response actions influence the categorization of directions in auditory space.

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Neurocognition and Action Research Group, Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Psychology and Sport Science, Bielefeld University Bielefeld, Germany ; Center of Excellence Cognitive Interaction Technology, Bielefeld University Bielefeld, Germany.
Ambient Intelligence Group, Center of Excellence Cognitive Interaction Technology, Bielefeld University Bielefeld, Germany.
Institut für Sprachwissenschaft - Psycholinguistik and Center for the Study of Language and Society, University of Bern Bern, Switzerland.


Spatial region concepts such as "front," "back," "left," and "right" reflect our typical interaction with space, and the corresponding surrounding regions have different statuses in memory. We examined the representation of spatial directions in the auditory space, specifically in how far natural response actions, such as orientation movements toward a sound source, would affect the categorization of egocentric auditory space. While standing in the middle of a circle with 16 loudspeakers, participants were presented acoustic stimuli coming from the loudspeakers in randomized order, and verbally described their directions by using the concept labels "front," "back," "left," "right," "front-right," "front-left," "back-right," and "back-left." Response actions varied in three blocked conditions: (1) facing front, (2) turning the head and upper body to face the stimulus, and (3) turning the head and upper body plus pointing with the hand and outstretched arm toward the stimulus. In addition to a protocol of the verbal utterances, motion capture and video recording generated a detailed corpus for subsequent analysis of the participants' behavior. Chi-square tests revealed an effect of response condition for directions within the left and right sides. We conclude that movement-based response actions influence the representation of auditory space, especially within the sides' regions. Moreover, the representation of auditory space favors the front and the back regions in terms of resolution, which is possibly related to the physiological characteristics of the human auditory system, as well as to the ecological requirements of action control in the different regions.


auditory space; response actions; spatial categorization; spatial directions; turning movements

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