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Prev Med. 2015 Dec;81:67-72. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.08.006. Epub 2015 Aug 19.

Implementing classroom physical activity breaks: Associations with student physical activity and classroom behavior.

Author information

1
Children's Mercy Hospital, Center for Children's Healthy Lifestyles and Nutrition, 610 E. 22nd St., Kansas City, MO 64108, United States.
2
University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA 92093 United States.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relation of classroom physical activity breaks to students' physical activity and classroom behavior.

METHODS:

Six elementary-school districts in California implemented classroom physical activity interventions in 2013-2014. Students' (N=1322) accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during school and teachers' (N=397) reports of implementation and classroom behavior were assessed in 24 schools at two time points (both post-intervention). Mixed-effects models accounted for nested data.

RESULTS:

Minutes/day of activity breaks was positively associated with students' MVPA (βs=.07-.14; ps=.012-.016). Students in classrooms with activity breaks were more likely to obtain 30 min/day of MVPA during school (OR=1.75; p=.002). Implementation was negatively associated with students having a lack of effort in class (β=-.17; p=.042), and student MVPA was negatively associated with students being off task or inattentive in the classroom (β=-.17; p=.042). Students provided with 3-4 physical activity opportunities (classroom breaks, recess, PE, dedicated PE teacher) had ≈5 more min/day of school MVPA than students with no opportunities (B=1.53 min/opportunity; p=.002).

CONCLUSIONS:

Implementing classroom physical activity breaks can improve student physical activity during school and behavior in the classroom. Comprehensive school physical activity programs that include classroom-based activity are likely needed to meet the 30 min/day school physical activity guideline.

KEYWORDS:

Children; Exercise; Low-income; School health

PMID:
26297105
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.08.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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