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Am J Prev Med. 2015 Sep;49(3 Suppl 2):S129-37. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.04.017.

Behavioral Counseling Interventions Expert Forum: Overview and Primer on U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Methods.

Author information

1
College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. Electronic address: sue-curry@uiowa.edu.
2
Kaiser Permanente Research Affiliates Evidence-based Practice Center, Portland, Oregon.

Abstract

The importance of behavioral counseling as a clinical preventive service derives from the social and economic burden of preventable disease in the U.S., the central role behavioral risk factors play as leading causes of premature morbidity and mortality, and the promise of the healthcare visit as a teachable moment for behavioral counseling support. In November 2013, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force convened an expert forum on behavioral counseling interventions. The forum brought together NIH, CDC, and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality leaders, leading behavioral counseling researchers, and members of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force to discuss issues related to optimizing evidence-based behavioral counseling recommendations. This paper provides an overview of the methods used by the Task Force to develop counseling recommendations. Special focus is on the development and evaluation of evidence from systematic reviews. Assessment of the net benefit of a behavioral counseling intervention, based on the evidence review, determines the recommendation statement and accompanying letter grade. A recent Task Force recommendation on screening and behavioral counseling interventions in primary care to reduce alcohol misuse provides a brief example.

PMID:
26296547
DOI:
10.1016/j.amepre.2015.04.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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