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J Biol Chem. 2015 Oct 9;290(41):25129-39. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M115.650978. Epub 2015 Aug 19.

Gα13 Switch Region 2 Binds to the Talin Head Domain and Activates αIIbβ3 Integrin in Human Platelets.

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From the Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612 and.
Department of Developmental, Molecular, and Chemical Biology, Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, Programs in Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Pharmacology, and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111.
From the Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612 and


Even though GPCR signaling in human platelets is directly involved in hemostasis and thrombus formation, the sequence of events by which G protein activation leads to αIIbβ3 integrin activation (inside-out signaling) is not clearly defined. We previously demonstrated that a conformationally sensitive domain of one G protein, i.e. Gα13 switch region 1 (Gα13SR1), can directly participate in the platelet inside-out signaling process. Interestingly however, the dependence on Gα13SR1 signaling was limited to PAR1 receptors, and did not involve signaling through other important platelet GPCRs. Based on the limited scope of this involvement, and the known importance of G13 in hemostasis and thrombosis, the present study examined whether signaling through another switch region of G13, i.e. Gα13 switch region 2 (Gα13SR2) may represent a more global mechanism of platelet activation. Using multiple experimental approaches, our results demonstrate that Gα13SR2 forms a bi-molecular complex with the head domain of talin and thereby promotes β3 integrin activation. Moreover, additional studies provided evidence that Gα13SR2 is not constitutively associated with talin in unactivated platelets, but becomes bound to talin in response to elevated intraplatelet calcium levels. Collectively, these findings provide evidence for a novel paradigm of inside-out signaling in platelets, whereby β3 integrin activation involves the direct binding of the talin head domain to the switch region 2 sequence of the Gα13 subunit.


G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR); integrin; signal transduction; talin; thrombosis

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