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Nutr Rev. 2015 Sep;73 Suppl 2:83-96. doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nuv045.

Do small differences in hydration status affect mood and mental performance?

Author information

1
D. Benton and H. Young are with the Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, UK. d.benton@swansea.ac.uk.
2
D. Benton and H. Young are with the Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Swansea, Wales, UK.

Abstract

Although it has been suggested that many in the general population are dehydrated to the extent that mood and cognition are disrupted, there has been little research investigating mild levels of dehydration. When dehydration reduces body mass by more than 2%, it has been consistently reported that mood is influenced, fatigue is greater, and alertness is lower. In contrast, the effects on cognition have been less consistent. Only a few studies have looked at females and these studies made little attempt to consider hormones that influence kidney functioning. In particular, there has been virtually no attempt to look at changes in hydration status in the range that occurs in individuals with a sedentary lifestyle in a temperate climate. There is a consequent need to study individuals who have lost up to 1% of body mass due to dehydration. While 4 intervention trials have found that the cognition of children improved in response to water consumption, the effects of water consumption on cognition in older adults, another high-risk group, have been largely ignored.

KEYWORDS:

children; cognition; dehydration; hydration; mild dehydration; mood.

PMID:
26290294
DOI:
10.1093/nutrit/nuv045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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