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Expert Rev Respir Med. 2015 Oct;9(5):507-9. doi: 10.1586/17476348.2015.1077120. Epub 2015 Aug 7.

E-Cigarette use among children and young people: the need for regulation.

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a 1 Department of Pediatric Respiratory Diseases and Allergy, Medical University of Warsaw, Dzialdowska 1, 01-184 Warsaw, Poland.
b 2 Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, USA.


Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are devices designed to deliver nicotine to the body via the route of inhalation. The principle of operation is based on heating a nicotine solution in propylene glycol and/or glycerine (e-liquid), turning it into aerosol (commonly called 'vapour'), which is then inhaled by the user. The scientific evidence on the health consequences of long-term e-cigarette use is sparse and currently inconclusive. Young people are the most vulnerable group to initiate use of e-cigarettes. The novelty of the e-cigarette, perceptions about the harmlessness of the product, a wide variety of flavours (fruit, chocolate, peanut butter, bubble gum, gummy bear, amongst others), and peer-influence are just a few examples of factors contributing to the e-cigarette popularity among youth. The comprehensive e-cigarette regulations need to include rules on marketing, safety of newly introduced products (nicotine dosage, packaging, and labelling), marketing limitations, and banning the sale of e-cigarettes to minors.


adolescent; electronic cigarettes; nicotine; smoking; tobacco; youth

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