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Indian J Radiol Imaging. 2015 Jul-Sep;25(3):213-25. doi: 10.4103/0971-3026.161431.

Chest tuberculosis: Radiological review and imaging recommendations.

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Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.


Chest tuberculosis (CTB) is a widespread problem, especially in our country where it is one of the leading causes of mortality. The article reviews the imaging findings in CTB on various modalities. We also attempt to categorize the findings into those definitive for active TB, indeterminate for disease activity, and those indicating healed TB. Though various radiological modalities are widely used in evaluation of such patients, no imaging guidelines exist for the use of these modalities in diagnosis and follow-up. Consequently, imaging is not optimally utilized and patients are often unnecessarily subjected to repeated CT examinations, which is undesirable. Based on the available literature and our experience, we propose certain recommendations delineating the role of imaging in the diagnosis and follow-up of such patients. The authors recognize that this is an evolving field and there may be future revisions depending on emergence of new evidence.


Chest radiograph; TB active; chest tuberculosis (pulmonary; computed tomography; imaging recommendations; nodal and pleural)

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