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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2015 Jul;41(7):1470-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2014.10.029.

Clinical outcomes of clear lens extraction in eyes with primary angle closure.

Author information

1
From the Glaucoma, Cataract and Refractive Surgery Services (Dada, Rathi, Angmo, Agarwal, Vanathi, Khokar), Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; the Cornea, Cataract and Refractive Surgery Services (Vajpayee), Vision Eye Institute, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, North West Academic Centre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: tanujdada@gmail.com.
2
From the Glaucoma, Cataract and Refractive Surgery Services (Dada, Rathi, Angmo, Agarwal, Vanathi, Khokar), Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; the Cornea, Cataract and Refractive Surgery Services (Vajpayee), Vision Eye Institute, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, North West Academic Centre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the effect of clear lens extraction (CLE) on intraocular pressure (IOP) and the anterior chamber angle in primary angle closure after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI).

SETTING:

Tertiary eyecare center at a university hospital, New Delhi, India.

DESIGN:

Prospective case series.

METHODS:

The study included eyes with primary angle closure and an IOP over 25.0 mm Hg more than 8 weeks after LPI. All eyes had CLE by phacoemulsification. Absolute success was defined as an IOP less than 18.0 mm Hg without medications at 12 months.

RESULTS:

In 44 eyes (24 women, 20 men; mean age 57.2 years ± 4.2 [SD]), the mean preoperative IOP of 27.1 ± 1.55 mm Hg decreased to 13.2 ± 1.12 mm Hg at 12 months (P < .0001). The angle opening distance at 500 μm increased from baseline values at 0 degrees (from 0.104 ± 0.015 mm to 0.31 ± 0.013 mm) and 180 degrees (from 0.202 ± 0.008 mm to 0.412 ± 0.012 mm). The trabecular iris angle also increased at 0 degrees (from 9.3 ± 3.2 degrees to 32.7 ± 5.6 degrees) and 180 degrees (from 9.12 ± 3.2 degrees to 31.7 ± 5.6 degrees) (all P < .0001). In multivariate analysis, the preoperative IOP was the strongest determinant of IOP change (R(2) = 0.69, P < .0001). Absolute success was achieved in 38 eyes (86.3%).

CONCLUSION:

Clear lens extraction led to a significant reduction in IOP, a widening of the anterior chamber angle, and a reduced need for ocular hypotensive medications in eyes with primary angle closure and persistently raised IOP after LPI.

FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE:

No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

PMID:
26287886
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcrs.2014.10.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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