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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2016 Oct 25;56(14):2331-7. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2013.834874.

Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria and Skin Health.

Author information

1
a Skin Biotechnology Center, Kyung Hee University , Yongin , South Korea.
2
b Department of Food Science , Cornell University , Ithaca , New York USA.
3
c School of Biotechnology and Institute of Life Science and Resources, Kyung Hee University , Yongin , South Korea.
4
d RNA Inc., College of Life Science, Kyung Hee University , South Korea.

Abstract

Human skin is the first defense barrier against the external environment, especially microbial pathogens and physical stimulation. Many studies on skin health with Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been published for many years, including prevention of skin disease and improvement of skin conditions. LAB, a major group of gram-positive bacteria, are known to be beneficial to human health by acting as probiotics. Recent studies have shown that LAB and their extracts have beneficial effects on maintenance and improvement of skin health. Oral administration of Lactobacillus delbrueckii inhibits the development of atopic disease. In addition, LAB and LAB extracts are known to have beneficial effects on intestinal diseases, with Lactobacillus plantarum having been shown to attenuate IL-10 deficient colitis. In addition to intestinal health, L. plantarum also has beneficial effects on skin. pLTA, which is lipoteichoic acid isolated from L. plantarum, has anti-photoaging effects on human skin cells by regulating the expression matrix meralloprotionase-1 (MMP-1) expression. While several studies have proposed a relationship between diseases of the skin and small intestines, there are currently no published reviews of the effects of LAB for skin health through regulation of intestinal conditions and the immune system. In this review, we discuss recent findings on the effects of LAB on skin health and its potential applications in beauty foods.

KEYWORDS:

Lactic acid bacteria; beauty food; probiotic; skin

PMID:
26287529
DOI:
10.1080/10408398.2013.834874
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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