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Viruses. 2015 Aug 13;7(8):4640-56. doi: 10.3390/v7082837.

Flaviviral Replication Complex: Coordination between RNA Synthesis and 5'-RNA Capping.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Sealy Center for Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, TX 77555-0647, USA. vaklema@utmb.edu.
2
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20057, USA. rp55@georgetown.edu.
3
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Sealy Center for Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, TX 77555-0647, USA. kychoi@utmb.edu.

Abstract

Genome replication in flavivirus requires (-) strand RNA synthesis, (+) strand RNA synthesis, and 51-RNA capping and methylation. To carry out viral genome replication, flavivirus assembles a replication complex, consisting of both viral and host proteins, on the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Two major components of the replication complex are the viral non-structural (NS) proteins NS3 and NS5. Together they possess all the enzymatic activities required for genome replication, yet how these activities are coordinated during genome replication is not clear. We provide an overview of the flaviviral genome replication process, the membrane-bound replication complex, and recent crystal structures of full-length NS5. We propose a model of how NS3 and NS5 coordinate their activities in the individual steps of (-) RNA synthesis, (+) RNA synthesis, and 51-RNA capping and methylation.

KEYWORDS:

51-RNA capping; NS3; NS5; RNA synthesis; RNA-dependent RNA polymerase; flavivirus; viral replication complex

PMID:
26287232
PMCID:
PMC4576198
DOI:
10.3390/v7082837
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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