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Scand J Public Health. 2016 Feb;44(1):14-7. doi: 10.1177/1403494815601525. Epub 2015 Aug 18.

Prevalence of children whose parents have a substance use disorder: Findings from a Swedish general population survey.

Author information

1
The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm, Sweden Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden jonas.raninen@can.se.
2
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Stockholms Prevents Alcohol and Drug Problems (STAD), Stockholm Centre for Psychiatry Research and Education, Stockholm County Council Health Care Provision and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
3
The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm, Sweden Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

AIMS:

The present study examined the prevalence of Swedish children living with at least one parent whom has a substance use disorder (SUD), i.e. either an alcohol use disorder (AUD) or a drug use disorder (DUD).

METHODS:

A 2013 cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample (n = 15,576) of the Swedish adult population 17-84 years of age was used. The response rate was 59.3%. SUDs were measured using selected parts of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), derived from the 4th edition of the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV). In total, 3778 parents with 7448 children under the age of 18 years participated.

RESULTS:

The proportion of children whose parent had a SUD was 4.6%, implying that around 90,000 children in Sweden experience this situation. Having a parent with an AUD was most common (3.7%), while 0.7% and 0.2% had a parent with a DUD and both (AUD plus DUD), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results showed that a substantial number of children in Sweden have parents with a SUD and that it is important to consider both alcohol and drugs, when estimating the size of this group. Our findings call for further strategies to support these children and their families.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol use; Sweden; children; cross-sectional survey; drug use; dysfunctional families; family dynamics; parenting; substance use disorder

PMID:
26287020
DOI:
10.1177/1403494815601525
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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