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Hum Mov Sci. 2015 Oct;43:125-37. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2015.08.009. Epub 2015 Aug 14.

The effect of force-controlled biting on human posture control.

Author information

1
Department of Prosthodontics, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address: daniel.hellmann@med.uni-heidelberg.de.
2
Institute of Sports and Sports Science, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany; BioMotion Center, Institute of Sports and Sports Science, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany.
3
Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopaedics, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany; ARCUS Clinic Pforzheim, Pforzheim, Germany.
4
Department of Prosthodontics, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
5
Department of Prosthodontics, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; Research Group Biomechanics, Institute for Mechanics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany.
6
Institute of Sports and Sports Science, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany.

Abstract

Several studies have confirmed the neuromuscular effects of jaw motor activity on the postural stability of humans, but the mechanisms of functional coupling of the craniomandibular system (CMS) with human posture are not yet fully understood. The purpose of our study was, therefore, to investigate whether submaximum biting affects the kinematics of the ankle, knee, and hip joints and the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the leg muscles during bipedal narrow stance and single-leg stance. Twelve healthy young subjects performed force-controlled biting (FB) and non-biting (NB) during bipedal narrow stance and single-leg stance. To investigate the effects of FB on the angles of the hip, knee, and ankle joints, a 3D motion-capture system (Vicon MX) was used. EMG activity was recorded to enable analysis of the coefficient of variation of the muscle co-contraction ratios (CVR) of six pairs of postural muscles. Between FB and NB, no significant differences were found for the mean values of the angles of the ankle, knee, and hip joints, but the standard deviations were significantly reduced during FB. The values of the ranges of motion and the mean angular velocities for the three joints studied revealed significant reduction during FB also. CVR was also significantly reduced during FB for five of the six muscle pairs studied. Although submaximum biting does not change the basic strategy of posture control, it affects neuromuscular co-contraction patterns, resulting in increased kinematic precision.

KEYWORDS:

Balance; Biting; Craniomandibular system; EMG; Kinematics; Posture; Posture control

PMID:
26282375
DOI:
10.1016/j.humov.2015.08.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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