Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Psychiatry Res. 2015 Oct 30;229(3):724-31. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.08.013. Epub 2015 Aug 10.

Race/ethnicity and gender differences in mental health diagnoses among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans.

Author information

1
San Francisco VA Health Care System, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA; University of California, San Francisco, Department of Psychiatry, San Francisco, CA 94122, USA. Electronic address: Kelly.Koo@va.gov.
2
San Francisco VA Health Care System, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA; University of California, San Francisco, Department of Psychiatry, San Francisco, CA 94122, USA.

Abstract

Veterans who served in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF; predominantly in Afghanistan) and Operations Iraqi Freedom and New Dawn (OIF and OND; predominantly in Iraq) and are enrolled in the VA are comprised of a growing cohort of women and higher proportions of racial/ethnic minorities than civilians. To compare rates of mental health disorders by race/ethnicity and gender for this diverse cohort, we conducted a retrospective analysis of existing records from OEF/OIF/OND veterans who were seen at the VA 10/7/01-8/1/2013 (N=792,663). We found that race/ethnicity was related to diagnoses of mental health disorders. Asian/Pacific Islanders (A/PIs) were diagnosed with all disorders at lower rates than whites, and American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) males were diagnosed with most disorders at higher rates than white males. Research is needed to identify contributing factors to differential rates of diagnoses based on race/ethnicity and gender. A/PIs and AI/ANs have unique patterns of mental health diagnoses indicating they should be considered separately to present a comprehensive picture of veteran mental health.

KEYWORDS:

Ethnicity; Gender; Mental health disorder diagnoses; Race; Veteran; Women

PMID:
26282226
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2015.08.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center