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J Phys Chem Lett. 2014 Jul 3;5(13):2189-94. doi: 10.1021/jz500858a. Epub 2014 Jun 12.

Thermally Activated Exciton Dissociation and Recombination Control the Carrier Dynamics in Organometal Halide Perovskite.

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†Optoelectronic Materials Section, Department of Chemical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands.


Solar cells based on organometal halide perovskites have seen rapidly increasing efficiencies, now exceeding 15%. Despite this progress, there is still limited knowledge on the fundamental photophysics. Here we use microwave photoconductance and photoluminescence measurements to investigate the temperature dependence of the carrier generation, mobility, and recombination in (CH3NH3)PbI3. At temperatures maintaining the tetragonal crystal phase of the perovskite, we find an exciton binding energy of about 32 meV, leading to a temperature-dependent yield of highly mobile (6.2 cm(2)/(V s) at 300 K) charge carriers. At higher laser intensities, second-order recombination with a rate constant of γ = 13 × 10(-10) cm(3) s(-1) becomes apparent. Reducing the temperature results in increasing charge carrier mobilities following a T(-1.6) dependence, which we attribute to a reduction in phonon scattering (Σμ = 16 cm(2)/(V s) at 165 K). Despite the fact that Σμ increases, γ diminishes with a factor six, implying that charge recombination in (CH3NH3)PbI3 is temperature activated. The results underline the importance of the perovskite crystal structure, the exciton binding energy, and the activation energy for recombination as key factors in optimizing new perovskite materials.


(CH3NH3)PbI3; charge carrier mobility; exciton binding energy; luminescence; photoactive material; time-resolved microwave conductance (TRMC)


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