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Sci Rep. 2015 Aug 17;5:13212. doi: 10.1038/srep13212.

The stool microbiota of insulin resistant women with recent gestational diabetes, a high risk group for type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
1] Diabetes Research Group, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV, Klinikum der Universität München, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany [2] Clinical Cooperation Group Type 2 Diabetes, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Munich, Germany [3] German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), Munich, Germany.
2
1] Clinical Cooperation Group Type 2 Diabetes, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Munich, Germany [2] German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), Munich, Germany [3] Research Unit of Molecular Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany [4] Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany.
3
Institute for Medical Information Sciences, Biometry and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.
4
Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik II, Klinikum der Universität München, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.
5
Junior Research Group Intestinal Microbiome, ZIEL-Research Center for Nutrition and Food Sciences, Technische Universität München, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany.

Abstract

The gut microbiota has been linked to metabolic diseases. However, information on the microbiome of young adults at risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) is lacking. The aim of this cross-sectional analysis was to investigate whether insulin resistant women with previous gestational diabetes (pGDM), a high risk group for T2D, differ in their stool microbiota from women after a normoglycemic pregnancy (controls). Bacterial communities were analyzed by high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing using fecal samples from 42 pGDM and 35 control subjects 3-16 months after delivery. Clinical characterization included a 5-point OGTT, anthropometrics, clinical chemistry markers and a food frequency questionnaire. Women with a Prevotellaceae-dominated intestinal microbiome were overrepresented in the pGDM group (p < 0.0001). Additionally, the relative abundance of the phylum Firmicutes was significantly lower in women pGDM (median 48.5 vs. 56.8%; p = 0.013). Taxa richness (alpha diversity) was similar between the two groups and with correction for multiple testing we observed no significant differences on lower taxonomic levels. These results suggest that distinctive features of the intestinal microbiota are already present in young adults at risk for T2D and that further investigations of a potential pathophysiological role of gut bacteria in early T2D development are warranted.

PMID:
26279179
PMCID:
PMC4538691
DOI:
10.1038/srep13212
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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