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Neuroscientist. 2016 Oct;22(5):432-9. doi: 10.1177/1073858415600389. Epub 2015 Aug 14.

Scenes, Spaces, and Memory Traces: What Does the Hippocampus Do?

Author information

1
Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK e.maguire@ucl.ac.uk.
2
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.
3
Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK.

Abstract

The hippocampus is one of the most closely scrutinized brain structures in neuroscience. While traditionally associated with memory and spatial cognition, in more recent years it has also been linked with other functions, including aspects of perception and imagining fictitious and future scenes. Efforts continue apace to understand how the hippocampus plays such an apparently wide-ranging role. Here we consider recent developments in the field and in particular studies of patients with bilateral hippocampal damage. We outline some key findings, how they have subsequently been challenged, and consider how to reconcile the disparities that are at the heart of current lively debates in the hippocampal literature.

KEYWORDS:

boundary extension; future thinking; hippocampus; imagination; memory; navigation; perception; scene construction; scenes; simulation; space

PMID:
26276163
PMCID:
PMC5021215
DOI:
10.1177/1073858415600389
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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