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Rev Gastroenterol Mex. 2015 Jul-Sep;80(3):205-13. doi: 10.1016/j.rgmx.2015.05.005. Epub 2015 Aug 12.

Esophageal motility in eosinophilic esophagitis.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Medicina, Sección de Gastroenterología, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, EUA.
2
Departamento de Medicina, Sección de Gastroenterología, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, EUA. Electronic address: Ron.Schey@tuhs.temple.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophagus and is a potential cause of dysphagia and food impaction, most commonly affecting young men. Esophageal manometry findings vary from normal motility to aperistalsis, simultaneous contractions, diffuse esophageal spasm, nutcracker esophagus or hypotonic lower esophageal sphincter (LES). It remains unclear whether esophageal dysmotility plays a significant role in the clinical symptoms of EoE.

AIM:

Our aim is to review the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and effect of treatment on esophageal dysmotility in EoE.

METHODS:

A literature search utilizing the PubMed database was performed using keywords: eosinophilic esophagitis, esophageal dysmotility, motility, manometry, impedance planimetry, barium esophagogram, endoscopic ultrasound, and dysphagia.

RESULTS:

Fifteen studies, totaling 387 patients with eosinophilic esophagitis were identified as keeping in accordance with the aim of this study and included in this review. The occurrence of abnormal esophageal manometry was reported to be between 4 and 87% among patients with EoE. Esophageal motility studies have shown reduced distensibility, abnormal peristalsis, and hypotonicity of the LES in patients with EoE, which may also mimic other esophageal motility disorders such as achalasia or nutcracker esophagus. Studies have shown conflicting results regarding the presence of esophageal dysmotility and symptoms with some reports suggesting a higher rate of food impaction, while others report no correlation between motor function and dysphagia.

CONCLUSIONS:

Motility dysfunction of the esophagus in EoE has not been well reported in the literature and studies have reported conflicting evidence regarding the clinical significance of dysmotility seen in EoE. The correlation between esophageal dysmotility and symptoms of EoE remains unclear. Larger studies are needed to investigate the incidence of esophageal dysmotility, clinical implications, and effect of treatment on patients with EoE.

KEYWORDS:

Eosinophilic esophagitis; Esofagitis eosinofílica; Motility disorder; Trastorno de motilidad

PMID:
26275635
DOI:
10.1016/j.rgmx.2015.05.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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