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AIDS Behav. 2016 Feb;20(2):339-44. doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1160-5.

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Sleep Disturbance in a Large HIV-Infected Adult Population.

Author information

1
Infectious Diseases Department, CHU Hôtel-Dieu, University of Nantes, Nantes, France. Clotilde.allavena@chu-nantes.fr.
2
COREVIH Pays de la Loire, Nantes, France. Clotilde.allavena@chu-nantes.fr.
3
COREVIH Pays de la Loire, Nantes, France.
4
Infectious Diseases department, CHD Vendée, La Roche sur Yon, France.
5
Infectious Diseases Department, CHU Hôtel-Dieu, University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
6
CHU, Explorations fonctionnelles, University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
7
Infectious Diseases Department, CHU, Angers, France.
8
Internal Medicine Department, CH, St Nazaire, France.
9
Infectious Diseases Department, CH, Le Mans, France.
10
Internal Medicine Department, CH, Laval, France.

Abstract

This cross-sectional study evaluates the prevalence and factors associated with sleep disturbances in French adult HIV-infected outpatients. Patients fullfilled a self-administered questionnaire on their health behavior, sleep attitudes (Pittsburgh sleep quality index, PSQI), quality of life and depression; 1354 patients were enrolled. Median sleeping time was 7 h. Poor sleep quality was observed in 47 % of the patients, and moderate to serious depressive symptoms in 19.7 %. Factors significantly associated with sleep disturbances were depression, male gender, active employment, living single, tobacco-smoking, duration of HIV infection, nevirapine or efavirenz-including regimen. Prevalence of poor sleepers is high in this HIV adult outpatient population. Associated factors seem poorly specific to HIV infection and more related to social and psychological status. Taking care of these disturbances may prove to be an effective health management strategy.

KEYWORDS:

Depression; HIV infection; Insomnia; Sleep disturbance

PMID:
26271816
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-015-1160-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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