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PLoS One. 2015 Aug 13;10(8):e0135440. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135440. eCollection 2015.

Identification of MiR-205 As a MicroRNA That Is Highly Expressed in Medullary Thymic Epithelial Cells.

Author information

1
UCSF Diabetes Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
2
UCSF Diabetes Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America; WM Keck Center for Noncoding RNAs, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
3
UCSF Diabetes Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America; Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
4
UCSF Diabetes Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America; WM Keck Center for Noncoding RNAs, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
5
Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
6
UCSF Diabetes Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America; Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America; Department of Pathology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Abstract

Thymic epithelial cells (TECs) support T cell development in the thymus. Cortical thymic epithelial cells (cTECs) facilitate positive selection of developing thymocytes whereas medullary thymic epithelial cells (mTECs) facilitate the deletion of self-reactive thymocytes in order to prevent autoimmunity. The mTEC compartment is highly dynamic with continuous maturation and turnover, but the genetic regulation of these processes remains poorly understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of TEC genetic programs since miRNA-deficient TECs are severely defective. However, the individual miRNAs important for TEC maintenance and function and their mechanisms of action remain unknown. Here, we demonstrate that miR-205 is highly and preferentially expressed in mTECs during both thymic ontogeny and in the postnatal thymus. This distinct expression is suggestive of functional importance for TEC biology. Genetic ablation of miR-205 in TECs, however, neither revealed a role for miR-205 in TEC function during homeostatic conditions nor during recovery from thymic stress conditions. Thus, despite its distinct expression, miR-205 on its own is largely dispensable for mTEC biology.

PMID:
26270036
PMCID:
PMC4535774
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0135440
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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