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Nurs Health Sci. 2015 Dec;17(4):444-50. doi: 10.1111/nhs.12213. Epub 2015 Aug 13.

Job dissatisfaction and burnout of nurses in Hunan, China: A cross-sectional survey.

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School of Basic Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
Department of Nursing, Medical College of Hunan Normal University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
School of Nursing, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, Hunan, China.


In this study, we focused on measuring levels of nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction in the daily practice of nurses in Hunan province, China, analyzed factors related to nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction, and explored the relationship between them. Previous studies have shown a high level of burnout and job dissatisfaction among nurses worldwide. A cross-sectional survey of 1100 nurses was conducted. The nurses worked at 20 hospitals in 11 cities and counties throughout China's Hunan province. Nurse burnout was measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Nurse-rated job dissatisfaction was described using a four point scale, and work environment was measured using the Nursing Work Index - Practice Environment Scale. The results showed that nurses had high burnout scores and were dissatisfied with their jobs. Staffing, work environment, and work hours were all significantly associated with nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction. Adequate staffing, improved work environment, and reasonable work hours are related to decreasing nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction.


China; burnout; job dissatisfaction; nurse staffing; work environment; work time

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