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Clin Oral Investig. 2016 May;20(4):685-95. doi: 10.1007/s00784-015-1558-5. Epub 2015 Aug 14.

Enamel matrix derivative improves gingival fibroblast cell behavior cultured on titanium surfaces.

Author information

1
The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, 237 Luoyu Road, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Oral Implantology, School of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, China.
3
The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, 237 Luoyu Road, Wuhan, 430079, People's Republic of China. zyf@whu.edu.cn.
4
Department of Oral Implantology, School of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, China. zyf@whu.edu.cn.
5
Department of Periodontology, Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse 7, Bern, 3010, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Although an extensive amount of research has demonstrated the positive effects of an enamel matrix derivative (EMD) on soft tissue wound healing around intrabony defects, little information is available describing its effect on peri-implant soft tissues, an area that has recently gained tremendous awareness due to the increasing prevalence of peri-implantitis. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of EMD when gingival fibroblasts were cultured on titanium surface with different surface topographies.

METHODS:

Human primary gingival fibroblasts were cultured on pickled (PT) and sand-blasted with large grit followed by acid etching (SLA) surfaces and assessed for cell adhesion at 2, 4, and 8 h, cell morphology at 2, 4, 8, and 24 h as well as cell proliferation at 1, 3, and 5 days post-seeding. Furthermore, genes encoding collagen 1a1, vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), and fibronectin were assessed by real-time PCR. Human gingival fibroblasts were also quantified for their ability to synthesize a collagen matrix on the various titanium surfaces with and without EMD by immunofluorescence staining.

RESULTS:

The results from the present study demonstrate that EMD significantly increased cell spreading at 2, 4, 8, and 24 h on PT surfaces and 4, 8, and 24 h on SLA surfaces. Furthermore, proliferation at 5 days on PT surfaces and 3 and 5 days on SLA surfaces was also increased for groups containing EMD. Real-time PCR results demonstrated that the culture of gingival fibroblasts with EMD significantly increased extracellular matrix synthesis of collagen 1 as well as improved mRNA levels of VEGF-A and fibronectin. Collagen1 immuno-fluorescent staining revealed a significantly higher area of staining for cells seeded on PT + EMD at 7 and 14 days and 14 days for SLA + EMD when compared to control samples.

CONCLUSION:

The results from the present study favor the use of EMD for colonization of gingival fibroblasts on titanium surfaces by increasing cell growth, spreading, and synthesis of an extracellular matrix. The improvements were primarily irrespective of surface topography. Future animal and human studies are necessary to fully characterize the beneficial effects of incorporating EMD during soft tissue regeneration of implant protocols.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

The use of EMD may speed up the quality of soft tissue integration around dental implants by facilitating gingival cell attachment, proliferation, and matrix synthesis of collagen 1.

KEYWORDS:

Emdogain; Enamel matrix derivative; Gingival fibroblasts; Soft tissue healing; Titanium implants

PMID:
26269319
DOI:
10.1007/s00784-015-1558-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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