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J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2015 Jul 10;12:40. doi: 10.3352/jeehp.2015.12.40. eCollection 2015.

Factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among 4,669 clinical medical students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China.

Author information

1
Administration Offices, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.
2
The Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, China.
3
First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.
4
School for International Education, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To produce competent undergraduate-level medical doctors for rural township health centers (THCs), the Chinese government mandated that medical colleges in Central and Western China recruit rural-oriented, tuition-waived medical students (RTMSs) starting in 2010. This study aimed to identify and assess factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among both RTMSs and other students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China.

METHODS:

An internet-based self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with medical students in Guangxi province. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify factors related to the attitudes toward work in a rural township health center.

RESULTS:

Among 4,669 medical students, 1,523 (33%) had a positive attitude and 2,574 (55%) had a neutral attitude toward working in THCs. Demographic characteristics, personal job concerns, and knowledge of THCs were associated with the choice of a career in THCs. The factors related to a positive attitude included the following: three-year program, a rural-oriented medical program, being male, an expectation of working in a county or township, a focus on medical career development, some perceived difficulty of getting a job, having family support, sufficient knowledge of THCs, optimism toward THC development, seeking lower working pressure, and a lower expected monthly salary.

CONCLUSION:

Male students in a three-year program or a rural-oriented tuition-waived medical education program were more likely to work in THCs. Selecting medical students through interviews to identify their family support and intentions to work in THCs would increase recruitment and retention. Establishing favorable policies and financial incentives to improve living conditions and the social status of rural physicians is necessary.

KEYWORDS:

Career choice; China; Motivation; Rural health services; Salaries and fringe benefits

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