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Nutr Hosp. 2015 Aug 1;32(2):634-7. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.9247.

INTRODUCTION OF PASTEURIZED/RAW COW'S MILK DURING THE SECOND SEMESTER OF LIFE AS A RISK FACTOR OF TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS IN SCHOOL CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS.

Author information

1
Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara (Jalisco).. vasquez.garibay@gmail.com.
2
Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara (Jalisco).. erika26hurtado@gmail.com.
3
Salvador Quevedo y Zubieta 750, SL. Guadalajara, Jalisco.. vasquez.garibay@gmail.com.
4
Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara (Jalisco).. rogeliotroyo@hotmail.com.
5
Hospital Civil de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco (México).. liubaaguirre@yahoo.com.
6
Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara (Jalisco).. alfredolarrosaharo@hotmail.com.
7
Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara (Jalisco).. ruthveronica84@hotmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

OBJECTIVE:

to demonstrate that type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in school children and adolescents is associated with the early introduction of pasteurized/raw cow's milk in the second semester of life.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

this non-probabilistic study included 150 subjects (75 patients and 75 controls), divided according to sex and age (range, 6 to 16 years). T1DM was considered to be a dependent variable, and pasteurized/ raw cow's milk (P/RCM) was considered to be an independent variable in the study. The statistical analyses included chi-squared test, odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals.

RESULTS:

the subjects were 51% male, age 11 ± 3.2 years, and 80% were breastfed, 18% were exclusively breastfed, and 13% received pasteurized/raw cow's milk. The children receiving P/RCM had a higher risk of T1DM [OR, 3.9 (1.2-12.8)]. The presence of T1DM was three times higher in those consuming P/RCM vs. those receiving follow-up formula [RM, 3.2 (1.03-10.07)].

CONCLUSIONS:

introducing pasteurized/raw cow's milk in the second semester of life increased by four times the likelihood of developing T1DM in children and adolescents.

PMID:
26268092
DOI:
10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.9247
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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