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J Clin Diagn Res. 2015 Jun;9(6):ZC29-34. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2015/12207.6089. Epub 2015 Jun 1.

A Comparison of Masticatory Performance and Efficiency of Complete Dentures Made with High Impact and Flexible Resins: A Pilot Study.

Author information

1
Senior Lecturer, Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Implantology, Peoples Dental Academy , Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India .
2
Professor, Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Implantology, Peoples College of dental sciences , Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India .
3
Reader, Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Implantology, Peoples Dental Academy , Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India .
4
Professor, Department of Maxillofacial Prosthodontics and Implantology, Peoples Dental Academy , Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India .

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In patients with extensive tooth loss, restoration of masticatory function and aesthetics is main concern for a prosthodontist.

AIM OF STUDY:

This study aimed to evaluate and compare differences in masticatory efficiency of patients treated with complete dentures made with either high impact or flexible resins.

SETTING AND DESIGN:

The sample size consisted of 10 study subjects. Two sets of dentures first conventional followed by flexible dentures were fabricated for each subject and both the sets of dentures were accessed for masticatory performance and efficiency.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This study compared the masticatory performance and efficiency of dentures by means of standardized mesh sieves. Masticatory efficiency was calculated by recording the total number of chewing cycles and time required to completely swallow a standardized food item. A patient satisfaction questionnaire was given and evaluated.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED:

The statistical analyses were performed using Z-test of Proportion and Paired t-test.

RESULTS:

The masticatory performance ratio was found to be more for hard food in conventional dentures. The values of masticatory performance ratios for soft food, time and number of masticatory strokes were indicating better masticatory efficiency of conventional dentures.

CONCLUSION:

Though masticatory efficiency and performance were found to be better for patient's dentures made with Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), a statistically significant number of patients reported that the flexible dentures were more satisfying than the conventional dentures.

KEYWORDS:

Conventional dentures; Polymethyl methacrylate; Thermoplastic flexible dentures

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