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Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 Nov;27(11):1553-8. doi: 10.1111/nmo.12652. Epub 2015 Aug 12.

Effect of anesthesia on gastroesophageal reflux in children: a study using BRAVO wireless pH study measurements.

Author information

1
Center for Motility and Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Mass General Hospital for Children, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
3
Department of Pediatrics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adult studies suggest conscious sedation increases gastroesophageal reflux (GER), but the role of anesthesia on GER in children is unclear. Our aim was to study the anesthesia effects on GER and pH study interpretation in children.

METHODS:

Children undergoing BRAVO wireless pH capsule placement under anesthesia and study duration >36 h were included. We evaluated the pH parameters (number of reflux episodes >5 min, duration of longest reflux episode, time pH <4 and fraction time pH <4) at 1, 2, 6-h and total study duration blocks using 2 cutoff values (5.3% and 6%) for the worst day, average of both days, and 1st day alone. We compared time blocks to evaluate the effect of anesthesia on GER and the proportions of studies changing interpretation after excluding the 1st hour and 1st 2-h blocks to evaluate anesthesia effect on study interpretation.

KEY RESULTS:

A total of 150 children were included. We found a significant increase on the pH parameters in the 1st hour compared to subsequent block times suggesting an effect of anesthesia on GER. We found no significant change in the proportion of studies interpreted as normal vs abnormal, however, excluding the initial 2 h of the study would change the study interpretation from abnormal to normal in up to 5% of patients.

CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES:

We found an effect of anesthesia increasing the GER parameters mainly in the 1st hour and up to the first 6 h of the study that may result in a change in the study interpretation.

KEYWORDS:

BRAVO wireless pH; anesthesia; children; gastroesophageal reflux

PMID:
26264213
PMCID:
PMC4624481
DOI:
10.1111/nmo.12652
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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