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Nutrients. 2015 Aug 7;7(8):6582-605. doi: 10.3390/nu7085300.

Dietary Patterns, Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Adults: A Meta-Analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. zxy19740804@sina.com.
2
Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. shulong19880920@126.com.
3
Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. xiaosi_32075001@126.com.
4
Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. xly2008hi@163.com.
5
Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. liaodan0203@sina.com.
6
Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. gaowei05715133@163.com.
7
Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. zhanglun306@163.com.
8
Department of Nutrition, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. kuaidou09@163.com.
9
Department of Digestion, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310013, China. kuaidou09@163.com.

Abstract

Previous studies reported the potential associations between dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in adulthood, however a consistent perspective has not been established to date. Herein, we carried out this meta-analysis to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and the risk of CHD. MEDLINE and EBSCO were searched for relevant articles published up to April 2015. A total of 35 articles (reporting 37 original studies) met the inclusion criteria and were included in the present meta-analysis. The decreased risk of CHD was shown for the highest compared with the lowest categories of healthy/prudent dietary patterns (odds ratio (OR) = 0.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60, 0.75; p < 0.00001) and alcohol consumption (OR = 0.68; 95% CI: 0.59, 0.78; p < 0.00001). There was evidence of an increased risk of CHD in the highest compared with the lowest categories of the unhealthy/Western-type dietary patterns (OR = 1.45; 95% CI: 1.05, 2.01; p = 0.02). The results of this meta-analysis indicate that different dietary patterns may be associated with the risk of CHD.

KEYWORDS:

a meta-analysis; coronary heart disease; dietary patterns

PMID:
26262641
PMCID:
PMC4555139
DOI:
10.3390/nu7085300
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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