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Aging Ment Health. 2017 Apr;21(4):348-353. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2015.1074162. Epub 2015 Aug 10.

Does social desirability influence psychological well-being: perceived physical health and religiosity of Italian elders? A developmental approach.

Author information

1
a Department of Pedagogy , Psychology, Philosophy , University of Cagliari , Cagliari , Italy.
2
b Department of Psychology , Southampton Solent University , Southampton, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study was mainly aimed at exploring the relationship between psychological well-being and lifestyle, religion, perceived physical health and social desirability of Italian elders.

METHODS:

Four hundred and six cognitively healthy 65-99 years old participants were recruited from the Italian isle of Sardinia, where a high prevalence of centenarians is registered. Participants were presented with several tools assessing psychological well-being, lifestyle, social desirability, religiosity and subjective physical health.

RESULTS:

A hierarchical regression analysis revealed that the social desirability measure is the best predictor of general subjective well-being, whereas further predictors are age, perceived physical health and gardening. A significant but moderate relationship was also found between psychological well-being, subjective physical health and religiosity, while controlling for social desirability.

CONCLUSIONS:

Social desirability seems to contaminate the self-rating of psychological well-being in late adulthood. Moreover, from a developmental perspective, age-related factors, life style and perceived physical health are strictly related to and therefore influence the perception of life quality in the third and fourth age.

KEYWORDS:

aging; physical health; psychological well-being; religion; social desirability

PMID:
26260317
DOI:
10.1080/13607863.2015.1074162
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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