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Benef Microbes. 2015;6(6):817-22. doi: 10.3920/BM2015.0031. Epub 2015 Aug 11.

The serotonin receptor mediates changes in autonomic neurotransmission and gastrointestinal transit induced by heat-killed Lactobacillus brevis SBC8803.

Author information

1
1 ANBAS Corporation, 4-12-10 Toyosaki Kita-ku, Osaka 531-0072, Japan.
2
2 Frontier Laboratories of Value Creation, Sapporo Breweries Ltd., 10 Okatohme, Yaizu, Shizuoka 425-0013, Japan.
3
3 Osaka University, 1-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Abstract

Lactobacilli exhibit several health benefits in mammals, including humans. Our previous reports established that heat-killed Lactobacillus brevis SBC8803 (SBC8803) increased both efferent gastric vagal nerve activity and afferent intestinal vagal nerve activity in rats. We speculated that this strain could be useful for the treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. In this study, we examined the effects of SBC8803 on peristalsis and the activity of the efferent celiac vagal nerve innervating the intestine in rats. First, we examined the effects of intraduodenal (ID) administration of SBC8803 on efferent celiac vagal nerve activity (efferent CVNA) in urethane-anesthetised rats using electrophysiological studies. The effects of intravenous injection of the serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist granisetron on changes in efferent CVNA due to ID administration of SBC8803 were also investigated. Finally, the effects of oral gavage of SBC8803 on GI transit were analysed using the charcoal propulsion method in conscious rats treated with or without granisetron. ID administration of SBC8803 increased efferent CVNA. Pretreatment with granisetron eliminated SBC8803-dependent changes in efferent CVNA. Furthermore, oral gavage of SBC8803 significantly accelerated GI transit, while pretreatment with granisetron inhibited GI transit. Our findings suggested that SBC8803 increased efferent CVNA and GI transit of charcoal meal via 5-HT3 receptors. Moreover, SBC8803 enhanced the activity of efferent vagal nerve innervating the intestine and promoted peristalsis via 5-HT3 receptors.

KEYWORDS:

5-HT3 receptor; Lactobacillus brevis SBC8803; celiac vagal nerve activity; gastrointestinal transit; granistron

PMID:
26259890
DOI:
10.3920/BM2015.0031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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