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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Aug;56(9):5299-308. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-16585.

Characterization of an Early-Onset, Autosomal Recessive, Progressive Retinal Degeneration in Bengal Cats.

Author information

1
Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
2
Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, United States.
3
Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, United States.
4
Department of Cell Biology and Human Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, United States.
5
Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel 3Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, United States.
6
Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, United States.
7
Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, United States 6Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri-Columb.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

A form of retinal degeneration suspected to be hereditary was discovered in a family of Bengal cats. A breeding colony was established to characterize disease progression clinically, electrophysiologically, and morphologically, and to investigate the mode of inheritance.

METHODS:

Affected and related cats were donated by owners for breeding trials and pedigree analysis. Kittens from test and complementation breedings underwent ophthalmic and neuro-ophthalmic examinations and ERG, and globes were evaluated using light microscopy.

RESULTS:

Pedigree analysis, along with test and complementation breedings, indicated autosomal recessive inheritance and suggested that this disease is nonallelic to a retinal degeneration found in Persian cats. Mutation analysis confirmed the disease is not caused by CEP290 or CRX variants found predominantly in Abyssinian and Siamese cats. Ophthalmoscopic signs of retinal degeneration were noted at 9 weeks of age and became more noticeable over the next 4 months. Visual deficits were behaviorally evident by 1 year of age. Electroretinogram demonstrated reduced rod and cone function at 7 and 9 weeks of age, respectively. Rod responses were mostly extinguished at 14 weeks of age; cone responses were minimal by 26 weeks. Histologic degeneration was first observed at 8 weeks, evidenced by reduced photoreceptor numbers, then rapid deterioration of the photoreceptor layer and, subsequently, severe outer retinal degeneration.

CONCLUSIONS:

A recessively inherited primary photoreceptor degeneration was characterized in the Bengal cat. The disease is characterized by early onset, with histologic, ophthalmoscopic, and electrophysiological signs evident by 2 months of age, and rapid progression to blindness.

PMID:
26258614
PMCID:
PMC4539567
DOI:
10.1167/iovs.15-16585
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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