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J Adhes Dent. 2015 Aug;17(4):307-12. doi: 10.3290/j.jad.a34557.

Effect of Thickness, Processing Technique and Cooling Rate Protocol on the μTBS of a Bilayer Ceramic System.



To evaluate the influence of different processing techniques, ceramic thicknesses, and cooling rate protocols on the μTBS of a veneering ceramic to zirconia (Y-TZP).


Eighty Y-TZP ceramic blocks (VITA In-Ceram 2000) with dimensions of 10 x 7 x 5 mm were obtained. The blocks were sintered in a special furnace at 1500° for 2 h, wet ground, and divided into 8 groups according to the factors "processing technique" (P: pressed/veneering ceramic PM9; or V: layered/ veneering ceramic VM9), "thickness" (2 mm and 4 mm), and "cooling protocol" (S: slow [10°C/s]; F: fast [50°C/s]). The Y-TZP/veneering ceramic blocks were sectioned to produce non-trimmed bar specimens (bonded area: 1±0.1 mm2), which were submitted to 1200 thermal cycles (5°C and 55°C, 30-s dwell time) and stored for 1 week in distilled water (37°C) before microtensile testing in a universal test machine (EMIC, 1 mm/min). The data in MPa were analyzed statistically using three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test.


ANOVA revealed that only the factor processing technique was significant (p=0.015), unlike the factors thickness (p=0.111) and cooling protocol (p=0.202). The majority of the failures were classified as adhesive.


Layered application of a thin veneering ceramic using a fast cooling rate resulted in improved bonding between veneering ceramic and zirconia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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