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Pain Med. 2016 Apr;17(4):628-35. doi: 10.1111/pme.12883. Epub 2016 Jan 28.

A Brief Mindfulness Meditation Training Increases Pain Threshold and Accelerates Modulation of Response to Tonic Pain in an Experimental Study.

Author information

1
*Department of Psychology, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel erinerno@bgu.ac.il.
2
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health and Welfare Studies, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel Department of Neurology, Rambam Medical Center and Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, Israel.
3
*Department of Psychology, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Research shows that mindfulness meditation (MM) affects pain perception; however, studies have yet to measure patterns of change over time. We examined effects of MM on perception of experimental heat pain using multiple psychophysical indices, including pattern of change in response to tonic painful stimuli. We also tested the potential moderating role of baseline mindfulness.

METHOD:

Forty participants were randomly assigned to a brief MM training or control group. We assessed: a) heat pain threshold (HPT), b) temperature which induces pain at a fixed, target intensity level, and c) response pattern over time to tonic heat pain.

RESULTS:

Compared to control group, the MM group showed increased HPT and more rapid attenuation of pain intensity for tonic pain stimuli. Moderation analyses indicated that baseline mindfulness moderated effects of MM on HPT.

CONCLUSIONS:

A brief MM intervention appears to affect perception of experimental pain both by increasing pain threshold and accelerating modulation of response. Findings may help elucidate mechanisms of MM for chronic pain.

KEYWORDS:

Mindfulness Meditation; Moderation; Pain Modulation; Pain Threshold; Tonic Pain

PMID:
26257209
DOI:
10.1111/pme.12883
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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