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Wiley Interdiscip Rev Dev Biol. 2016 Jan-Feb;5(1):5-23. doi: 10.1002/wdev.201. Epub 2015 Aug 7.

Tendon development and diseases.

Gaut L1,2,3, Duprez D1,2,3.

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CNRS UMR 7622, IBPS-Developmental Biology Laboratory, Paris, France.
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, IBPS-Developmental Biology Laboratory, Paris, France.
Inserm U1156, Paris, France.


Tendon is a uniaxial connective tissue component of the musculoskeletal system. Tendon is involved in force transmission between muscle and bone. Tendon injury is very common and debilitating but tendon repair remains a clinical challenge for orthopedic medicine. In vertebrates, tendon is mainly composed of type I collagen fibrils, displaying a parallel organization along the tendon axis. The tendon-specific spatial organization of type I collagen provides the mechanical properties for tendon function. In contrast to other components of the musculoskeletal system, tendon biology is poorly understood. An important goal in tendon biology is to understand the mechanisms involved in the production and assembly of type I collagen fibrils during development, postnatal formation, and healing processes in order to design new therapies for tendon repair. In this review we highlight the current understanding of the molecular and mechanical signals known to be involved in tenogenesis during development, and how development provides insights into tendon healing processes. WIREs Dev Biol 2016, 5:5-23. doi: 10.1002/wdev.201 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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