Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2016 Mar;87(4):663-8. doi: 10.1002/ccd.26118. Epub 2015 Aug 10.

Women in interventional cardiology: Update in percutaneous coronary intervention practice patterns and outcomes of female operators from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry®.

Author information

1
Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.
2
Detroit Medical Center Cardiovascular Institute, Detroit, Michigan.
3
Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.
4
Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, Pennsylvania.
5
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
6
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the practice patterns and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures performed by female interventional cardiologists in the United States (U.S.).

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about the prevalence, volume, case mix, and outcomes of PCI procedures performed by female interventional cardiologists.

METHODS:

Using data from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry(®) , we performed a retrospective study of 2,465,685 PCI procedures performed at 1,431 U.S. hospitals between July 1, 2009 and June 30, 2013. Interventionalist sex was ascertained from the National Provider Identifier number of each operator.

RESULTS:

Women accounted for only 4% (412/9,179) of interventional cardiologists in the U.S., and performed 3% (n = 70,009) of all PCI procedures during the time period studied. Forty-one percent of female interventionalists operated at an institution with no other female operators. Female interventionalists performed a median of 48 PCI procedures per year (interquartile range: 22-87). Of the cases performed by female interventionalists, 77% were performed on patients with acute coronary syndrome, 3% on patients with cardiogenic shock, and 16% on call. In-hospital mortality was low (1.8%), and was not significantly different between female operators with high (≥50 cases/year) versus low (1.95% vs. 1.75%, unadjusted P = 0.12, adjusted OR: 1.03, 95% CI: 0.84-1.27) annual procedure volume.

CONCLUSIONS:

Female interventional cardiologists remain uncommon in contemporary U.S. practice. Performing only a very small proportion of PCI cases, female interventionalists are often low-volume operators, yet no significant differences in patient mortality were observed in low- versus high-volume operators.

KEYWORDS:

female interventionalists; patterns of practice

Comment in

PMID:
26255880
DOI:
10.1002/ccd.26118
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center