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J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2015 Aug 9;17:71. doi: 10.1186/s12968-015-0172-7.

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance phase contrast imaging.

Author information

1
Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California, 3740 McClintock Ave, EEB 406, Los Angeles, California, 90089-2564, USA. knayak@usc.edu.
2
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. jfnielse@umich.edu.
3
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. mbernstein@mayo.edu.
4
Department of Radiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. mmarkl@northwestern.edu.
5
Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK. p.gatehouse@rbht.nhs.uk.
6
Cardiovascular Imaging, Imaging Sciences Division, Kings's College London, London, UK. rene.botnar@kcl.ac.uk.
7
Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. david.saloner@ucsf.edu.
8
Center for Applied Medical Imaging, Siemens Corporation, Baltimore, MD, USA. christine.lorenz@siemens.com.
9
Imaging Physics Laboratory, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA. han.wen@nih.gov.
10
Palo Alto Medical Foundation, Palo Alto, CA, USA. hub@pamf.org.
11
Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA. fredepstein@virginia.edu.
12
Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Engineering, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA. jnoshin@emory.edu.
13
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. raman.1@osu.edu.

Abstract

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) phase contrast imaging has undergone a wide range of changes with the development and availability of improved calibration procedures, visualization tools, and analysis methods. This article provides a comprehensive review of the current state-of-the-art in CMR phase contrast imaging methodology, clinical applications including summaries of past clinical performance, and emerging research and clinical applications that utilize today's latest technology.

PMID:
26254979
PMCID:
PMC4529988
DOI:
10.1186/s12968-015-0172-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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