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Anticancer Res. 2015 Sep;35(9):4647-54.

A Color-coded Imageable Syngeneic Mouse Model of Stromal-cell Recruitment by Metastatic Lymphoma.

Author information

1
Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan.
2
Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan AntiCancer Inc., San Diego, CA, U.S.A. Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, CA, U.S.A. all@anticancer.com asue@gifu-u.ac.jp.
3
AntiCancer Inc., San Diego, CA, U.S.A. Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, CA, U.S.A. all@anticancer.com asue@gifu-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

AIM:

A syngeneic color-coded imageable lymphoma model has been developed to visualize recruitment of host stromal cells by malignant lymphoma during metastasis. The EL4 cell line was previously derived from a lymphoma induced in a C57/BL6 mouse by 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

EL4 lymphoma cells expressing red fluorescent protein (EL4-RFP) were initially established. EL4-RFP cells were subsequently injected into the tail vein of C57/BL6-GFP transgenic mice.

RESULTS:

EL4-RFP metastasis was observed in the lymph nodes of the upper mediastinum and in the liver 28 days after cell injection. Large EL4-RFP liver metastases in C57/BL6-GFP mice contained GFP-expressing stromal cells derived from the host. In addition, EL4-RFP lymphoma metastasis was formed in peri-gastric lymph nodes, which were also enriched in host GFP-expressing cells. Furthermore, EL4-RFP lymphoma cells were also observed in the peripheral blood and bone marrow of C57/BL6-GFP transgenic mice, where they were associated with GFP-expressing host cells.

CONCLUSION:

Lymph node, liver and bone marrow metastases were found approximately 4 weeks after transplantation and all RFP-expressing metastases were highly enriched in GFP-expressing host stromal cells. This model of malignant lymphoma can be used to study early tumor development, metastasis, and the role of the stroma, as well as for discovery and evaluation of novel therapeutics for this treatment-resistant disease.

KEYWORDS:

C57/BL6-GFP mice; RFP; imaging; liver metastasis; malignant lymphoma

PMID:
26254354
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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