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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2015 Sep 15;309(6):H1075-86. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00378.2015. Epub 2015 Aug 7.

Blockade of Ets-1 attenuates epidermal growth factor-dependent collagen loss in human carotid plaque smooth muscle cells.

Author information

1
Center for Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska.
2
Center for Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, Nebraska dkagr@creighton.edu.

Abstract

Although degradation of extracellular matrix by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is thought to be involved in symptomatic (S) carotid plaques in atherosclerosis, the mechanisms of MMP expression are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that collagen loss in vascular smooth vessel cells (VSMCs) isolated from S plaques was induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF) through the activation of p38-MAPK and JNK-MAPK pathways. Inhibitors of p38-MAPK and JNK-MAPK signaling pathways downregulated the expression of MMP-1 and MMP-9. In addition, we examined whether v-ets erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene homologue 1 (Ets-1), an important regulator of different genes, is involved in destabilizing S plaques in patients with carotid stenosis. We demonstrate that EGF induces Ets-1 expression and decreases interstitial and basement membrane collagen in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from patients with carotid stenosis. Increased expression of MMP-1 and -9 and decreased collagen mRNA transcripts were also found in Ets-1-overexpressed VSMCs. Transfection with both dominant-negative form of Ets-1 and small interfering RNA blocked EGF-induced MMP-1 and -9 expressions and increased the mRNA transcripts for collagen I (α1) and collagen III (α1) in S compared with asymptomatic (AS) carotid plaques. Inhibitors of p38-MAPK (SB202190) and JNK-MAPK (SP600125) signaling pathways decreased the expression of Ets-1, MMP-1, and MMP-9 and increased collagen type I and III expression in EGF-treated VSMCs. This study provides a mechanistic insight into the role of Ets-1 in the plaque destabilization in patients with carotid stenosis involving p38-MAPK and JNK signaling pathways.

KEYWORDS:

carotid plaque; collagen types I and III; epidermal growth factor; matrix metalloproteinases; v-ets erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene homologue 1; vascular smooth muscle cells

PMID:
26254334
PMCID:
PMC4591361
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.00378.2015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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