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Chirurg. 2016 Mar;87(3):241-6. doi: 10.1007/s00104-015-0063-3.

[Routine fluoroscopic investigations after primary bariatric surgery].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Klinik für Allgemein- und Visceralchirurgie, Städtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe, Moltkestr. 90, 76133, Karlsruhe, Deutschland. daniel.gaertner@klinikum-karlsruhe.de.
2
Klinik für Allgemein- und Visceralchirurgie, Städtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe, Moltkestr. 90, 76133, Karlsruhe, Deutschland.
3
Klinik für Gefäß- und Thoraxchirurgie, Städtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Deutschland.
4
Institut für diagnostische und interventionelle Radiologie, Städtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Deutschland.
5
Klinik und Poliklinik für Endokrinologie und Nephrologie, Universitätsklinikum Leipzig, Leipzig, Deutschland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Staple line and anastomotic leakages are life-threatening complications after bariatric surgery. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract X-ray examination with oral administration of a water-soluble contrast agent can be used to detect leaks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of routine upper GI tract fluoroscopy after primary bariatric surgery.

METHODS:

Between January 2009 and December 2014 a total of 658 bariatric interventions were carried out of which 442 were primary bariatric operations. Included in this single center study were 307 sleeve gastrectomies and 135 Roux-en-Y gastric bypasses. Up to December 2012 upper GI tract fluoroscopy was performed routinely between the first and third postoperative days and the detection of leakages was evaluated.

RESULTS:

In the investigation period 8 leakages (2.6 %) after sleeve gastrectomy, 1 anastomotic leakage in gastrojejunostomy and 1 in jejunojejunostomy after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass occurred. All patients developed clinical symptoms, such as abdominal pain, tachycardia or fever. In one case the leakage was detected by upper GI fluoroscopy and in nine cases radiological findings were unremarkable. No leakages were detected in asymptomatic patients.

CONCLUSION:

Routine upper GI fluoroscopy is not recommended for uneventful postoperative courses after primary bariatric surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Fluoroscopy; Roux en Y gastric bypass; Sleeve gastrectomy; Staple line leakage; Stenosis

PMID:
26251036
DOI:
10.1007/s00104-015-0063-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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