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Trop Med Int Health. 2015 Nov;20(11):1454-1461. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12584. Epub 2015 Aug 27.

Factors associated with loss to follow-up in women undergoing repair for obstetric fistula in Guinea.

Author information

1
Ecole de Santé Publique, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Bruxelles, Belgium.
2
Centre national de formation et de recherche en santé rurale de Maferinyah, Maferinyah, Guinea.
3
Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium.
4
EngenderHealth, New York, NY, USA.
5
EngenderHealth, Conakry, Guinea.
6
Hopital Prefectoral de Kissidougou, Kissidougou, Guinea.
7
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To analyse the trend of loss to follow-up over time and identify factors associated with women being lost to follow-up after discharge in three fistula repair hospitals in Guinea.

METHODS:

This retrospective cohort study used data extracted from medical records of fistula repairs conducted from 1 January 2007 to 30 September 2013. A woman was considered lost to follow-up if she did not return within 4 months post-discharge. Factors associated with loss to follow-up were identified using a subsample of the data covering the period 2010-2013.

RESULTS:

Over the study period, the proportion of loss to follow-up was 21.5% (448/2080) and varied across repair hospitals and over time with an increase from 2% in 2009 to 52% in 2013. After adjusting for other variables in a multivariate logistic regression model, women who underwent surgery at Labe hospital and at Kissidougou hospital were more likely to be lost to follow-up than women operated at Jean Paul II hospital (OR: 50.6; 95% CI: 24.9-102.8) and (OR: 11.5; 95% CI: 6.1-22.0), respectively. Women with their fistula closed at hospital discharge (OR: 3.2; 95% CI: 2.1-4.8) and women admitted for repair in years 2011-2013 showed higher loss to follow-up as compared to 2010. Finally, loss to follow-up increased by 2‰ for each additional kilometre of distance a client lived from the repair hospital (OR: 1.002; 95% CI: 1.001-1.003).

CONCLUSION:

Reimbursement of transport was the likely reason for change over time of LTFU. Reducing geographical barriers to care for women with fistula could sustain fistula care positive outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

Conakry; Fistula care; Guinea; Guinée Conakry; Obstetric fistula; fistula obstétrica; fistule obstétricale; loss to follow-up; perte au suivi; pérdida durante el seguimiento; reparación de fístula; soins de la fistule

PMID:
26250875
DOI:
10.1111/tmi.12584
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