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Lancet Psychiatry. 2015 Aug;2(8):726-742. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00213-8.

Mental health starts with physical health: current status and future directions of non-pharmacological interventions to improve physical health in first-episode psychosis.

Author information

1
Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: jessegates@hotmail.com.
2
Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
3
Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Abstract

People with psychotic disorders have reduced life expectancy compared with the general population. This difference is primarily due to increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease associated with antipsychotic drugs and with modifiable risk factors, including weight gain, low exercise, poor diet, and high prevalence of cigarette smoking. We review non-pharmacological interventions for physical health behaviour in patients with chronic and first-episode psychosis. Our findings suggest that weight loss and attenuation of weight gain are achievable but limited and might not persist beyond the end of an intervention. Evidence for smoking cessation interventions is scarce. The case for early intervention to prevent deterioration of physical health is strong. We propose a framework for development of interventions, which addresses three main factors largely absent in previous research: (1) examination of aetiological factors related to poor physical health, (2) theory-driven interventions that target aetiological factors, and (3) assessment of feasibility.

PMID:
26249304
DOI:
10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00213-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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